Grade 6 Social Studies — Ancient Civilization

Units 1-2: Comparative/Classical Civilizations: Civilizations in the Eastern Hemisphere

  • 6.5 As complex societies and civilizations change over time, their political and economic structures evolve. A golden age may be indicated when there is an extended period of time that is peaceful, prosperous and demonstrates great cultural achievements.
  • 6.5a  Geographic factors influence the development of classical civilizations and their political structures.
    • Students will locate the classical civilizations on a map and identify geographic factors that influenced the extent of their boundaries, locate their cities on a map, and identify their political structures.
  • 6.5b Political structures were developed to establish order, to create and enforce laws, and to enable decision making.
    • Students will examine the similarities and differences between the political systems of Chinese (Qin, Han) and Greco-Roman (Athens, Sparta, Roman Republic, Roman Empire) classical civilizations.
  • 6.5c A period of peace, prosperity, and cultural achievements may be indicative of a golden age. 
    • Students will examine evidence related to the Qin, Han, and Greco-Roman (Athens and Roman Empire) civilizations and determine if these civilizations have experienced a golden age.
    • Students will examine how cultural achievements of these civilizations have influenced contemporary societies. 

Units 3-4: Mediterranean World: Feudal Western Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic World

  • 6.6 Mediterranean World: Feudal Western Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic Caliphates  (ca. 600 C.E. – ca. 1450):The Mediterranean world was reshaped with the fall of the Roman Empire. Three distinct cultural regions developed: feudal Western Europe, the Byzantine Empire, and the Islamic caliphates. These regions interacted with each other and clashed over control of holy lands. (Standards: 2, 3, 4, 5; MOV, TCC, GOV, CIV, EXCH)
  • 6.6a Overexpansion, corruption, invasions, civil wars, and discord led to the fall of Rome. Feudalism developed in Western Europe in reaction to a need for order and to meet basic needs.
  • 6.6b The Byzantine Empire preserved elements of the Roman Empire, controlled lands within the Mediterranean basin, and began to develop Orthodox Christianity.
  • 6.6c Islam spread within the Mediterranean region from southwest Asia to northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 6.6d Competition and rivalry over religious, economic, and political control over holy lands led to conflict such as the Crusades.

Units 5-6: Interactions Across the Eastern Hemisphere

  • 6.7 Interactions across the Eastern Hemisphere (ca. 600 C.E. – ca. 1450): Trade networks promoted the exchange and diffusion of language, belief systems, tools, intellectual ideas, inventions, and diseases. (Standards: 2, 3, 4; Themes: MOV, TCC, GEO, ECO, TECH, EXCH)
  • 6.7a The Silk Roads, the Indian Ocean, and the Trans-Saharan routes formed the major Afro-Eurasian trade networks connecting the East and the West. Ideas, people, technologies, products, and diseases moved along these routes.
  • 6.7b The Mongol conquests in Eurasia fostered connections between the East and the West, and the Mongols served as important agents of change and cultural diffusion.
  • 6.7c Complex societies and civilizations adapted and designed technologies for transportation that allowed them to cross challenging landscapes and move people and goods efficiently.