P-8 Essential ELA Curriculum Summary

Pre-K | Kindergarten | Grade 1 | Grade 2 | Grade 3 | Grade 4 | Grade 5 | Grade 6 | Grade 7 | Grade 8

Pre-K

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • PKR7 Describe the relationship between illustrations and the text. (RI&RL) 
  • PKW2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to name a familiar topic and supply information in child-centered, authentic, play-based learning.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • PKR6 Describe the role of an author and illustrator. (RI&RL)
  • PKW7 Engage in a discussion using gathered information from experiences or provided resources.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • PKR1 Participate in discussions about a text. (RI&RL)
  • PKW4 Create a response to a text, author, or personal experience (e.g., dramatization, artwork, or poem). 

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • PKR2 Retell stories or share information from a text. (RI&RL)
  • PKW3 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to narrate an event or events in a sequence. 

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • PKR3 Develop and answer questions about characters, major events, and pieces of information in a text. (RI&RL)
  • PKW6 Develop questions and participate in shared research and exploration to answer questions and to build and share knowledge.

Unit 6: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • PKR9 Make connections between self, text, and the world. (RI&RL)
  • PKW1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to state an opinion about a familiar topic in child-centered, authentic, play-based learning.

Kindergarten

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • KR7 Describe the relationship between illustrations and the text.
  • KW1 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to state an opinion about a familiar topic or personal experience and state a reason to support that opinion.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • KR6 Name the author and illustrator and define the role of each in presenting the ideas in a text.
  • KW4 Create a response to a text, author, or personal experience (e.g., dramatization, artwork, or poem).

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • KR2 Retell stories or share key details from a text.
  • KW3 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to narrate an event or events in a sequence.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • KR1 Develop and answer questions about a text.
  • KW2 Use a combination of drawing, dictating, oral expression, and/or emergent writing to name a familiar topic and supply information.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • KR1 Develop and answer questions about a text.
  • KW6 Develop questions and participate in shared research and exploration to answer questions and to build and share knowledge.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • KR3 Identify characters, settings, major events in a story, or pieces of information in a text.
  • KW7 Recall and represent relevant information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question in a variety of ways (e.g., drawing, oral expression, and/or emergent writing).

Grade 1

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 1R7 Use illustrations and details in literary and informational texts to discuss story elements and/or topics.
  • 1W1 Write an opinion on a topic or personal experience; give two or more reasons to support that opinion

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 1R6 Describe how illustrations and details support the point of view or purpose of the text.
  • 1W4 Create a response to a text, author, theme or personal experience (e.g., poem, dramatization, artwork, or other).

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 1R2 Identify a main topic or central idea in a text and retell important details.
  • 1W3 Write narratives which recount real or imagined experiences or events or a short sequence of events.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 1R1 Develop and answer questions about key ideas and details in a text.
  • 1W2 Write an informative/explanatory text to introduce a topic, supplying some facts to develop points, and provide some sense of closure.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 1R1 Develop and answer questions about key ideas and details in a text.
  • 1W6 Develop questions and participate in shared research and explorations to answer questions and to build knowledge.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge 

  • 1R3 Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, or pieces of information in a text.
  • 1W7 Recall and represent relevant information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question in a variety of ways.

Grade 2

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 2R7 Demonstrate understanding of story elements and/or topics by applying information gained from illustrations or text features
  • 2W1 Write an opinion about a topic or personal experience, using clear reasons and relevant evidence. Ss in 2nd grade should understand the difference between opinions and arguments and begin to learn how to write arguments with claims and supporting reasons. (See Standards for examples.)

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 2R6 Identify examples of how illustrations, text features, and details support the point of view or purpose of the text.
  • 2W4 Create a response to a text, author, theme or personal experience (e.g., poem, play, story, artwork, or other).

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 2R2 Identify a main topic or central idea and retell key details in a text; summarize portions of a text.
  • 2W3 Write narratives which recount real or imagined experiences or a short sequence of events, including details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings; use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 2R1 Develop and answer questions to demonstrate an understanding of key ideas and details in a text.
  • 2W2 Write informative/explanatory texts that introduce a topic, use facts and other information to develop points, use content-specific language, and provide a concluding statement or section.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 2R1 Develop and answer questions to demonstrate an understanding of key ideas and details in a text.
  • 2W6 Develop questions and participate in shared research and explorations to answer questions and to build knowledge

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 2R3 In literary texts, describe how characters respond to major events and challenges. In informational texts, describe the connections among ideas, concepts, or a series of events.
  • 2W7 Recall and represent relevant information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

Grade 3

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 3R7 Explain how specific illustrations or text features contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a text (e.g., create mood, emphasize character or setting, or determine where, when, why, and how key events occur).
  • 3W1 Write an argument to support claim(s), using clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 3R6 Discuss how the reader’s point of view or perspective may differ from that of the author, narrator or characters in a text.
  • 3W4 Create a response to a text, author, theme or personal experience (e.g., poem, play, story, art work, or other).

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 3R2 Determine a theme or central idea and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize portions of a text.
  • W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 3R1 Develop and answer questions to locate relevant and specific details in a text to support an answer or inference.
  • 3W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to explore a topic and convey ideas and information relevant to the subject.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 3R1 Develop and answer questions to locate relevant and specific details in a text to support an answer or inference.
  • 3W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, and to build knowledge.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 3R3 In literary texts, describe character traits, motivations, or feelings, drawing on specific details from the text. In informational texts, describe the relationship among a series of events, ideas, concepts, or steps in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.
  • 3W7 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather information from multiple sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories. 

Grade 4

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 4R7 Identify information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, illustrations), and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text.
  • 4W1 Write an argument to support claim(s), using clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 4R6 In literary texts, compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations. In informational texts, compare and contrast a primary and secondary source on the same event or topic.3R6: Discuss how the reader’s point of view or perspective may differ from that of the author, narrator or characters in a text.
  • 4W4 Create a poem, story, play, art work, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 4R2 Determine a theme or central idea of text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize a text.
  • W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 4R1 Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 4W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to explore a topic and convey ideas and information relevant to the subject.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 4R1 Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 4W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, and to build knowledge through investigating multiple aspects of a topic.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 4R3 In literary texts, describe a character, setting, or event, drawing on specific details in the text. In informational texts, explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts, including what happened and why, based on specific evidence from the text.
  • 4W7 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from multiple sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

Grade 5

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 5R7 Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to meaning of literary and informational texts
  • 5W1 Write an argument to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 5R6 In literary texts, explain how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described. In informational texts, analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they
  • 5W4 Create a poem, story, play, art work, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience.represent.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 5R2 Determine a theme or central idea and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize a text.
  • 5W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, descriptive details, and clear event sequences.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 5R1 Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 5W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, and to build knowledge through investigation of multiple aspects of a topic using multiple sources.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 5R1 Locate and refer to relevant details and evidence when explaining what a text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 5W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to explore a topic and convey ideas and information relevant to the subject.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 5R3 In literary texts, compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, and events, drawing on specific details in the text. In informational texts, explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts based on specific evidence from the text.
  • 5W7 Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from multiple sources; summarize or paraphrase; avoid plagiarism and provide a list of sources.

Grade 6

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 6R7 Compare and contrast how different formats, including print and digital media, contribute to the understanding of a subject.
  • 6W1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 6R6 In literary texts, identify the point of view and explain how it is developed and conveys meaning. In informational texts, explain how an author’s geographic location or culture affects his or her perspective.
  • 6W4 Create a poem, story, play, artwork, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 6R2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is developed by key supporting details over the course of a text; summarize a text.
  • 6W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, descriptive details and sequencing.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 6R1 Cite textual evidence to support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 6W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self generated questions, drawing on multiple sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 6R1 Cite textual evidence to support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 6W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 6R3 In literary texts, describe how events unfold, as well as how characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution
    In informational texts, analyze how individuals, events, and ideas are introduced, relate to each other, and are developed.
  • 6W7 Gather relevant information from multiple sources; assess the credibility of each source; quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others; avoid plagiarism and provide basic bibliographic information for sources.

Grade 7

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 7R7 Compare and contrast a written text with audio, filmed, staged, or digital versions in order to analyze the effects of techniques unique to each media and each format’s portrayal of a subject.
  • 7W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 7R6 In literary texts, analyze how an author develops and contrasts the point of view and the perspectives of different characters or narrators. In informational texts, analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
  • 7W4 Create a poem, story, play, artwork, or other response to a text, author, theme, or personal experience.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 7R2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; summarize a text.
  • 7W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, descriptive details and clear sequencing. 

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 7R1 Cite textual evidence to support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 7W1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 7R1 Cite textual evidence to support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 7W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self generated questions, drawing on multiple sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate. Generate additional related questions for further research and investigation

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 7R3 In literary texts, analyze how elements of plot are related, affect one another, and contribute to meaning.
    In informational texts, analyze how individuals, events, and ideas are introduced, relate to each other, and are developed.
  • 7W7 Gather relevant information from multiple sources; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others; avoid plagiarism and follow a standard format for citation.

Grade 8

Unit 1: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • 8R7 Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different media – text, audio, video, stage, or digital – to present a particular subject or idea and analyze the extent to which a production
  • 8W1 Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.remains faithful to or departs from the written text.

Unit 2: Craft and Structure

  • 8R6 In literary texts, analyze how the differences between the point of view, perspectives of the characters, the audience, or reader create effects such as mood and tone. In informational texts, analyze how the author addresses conflicting evidence or viewpoints.
  • 8W4 Create a poem, story, play, artwork, or other response to a text, author, theme or personal experience; explain divergences from the original text when appropriate.

Unit 3: Key Ideas and Details

  • 8R3 Determine one or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; summarize a text.
  • W3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective techniques, relevant descriptive details and clear sequencing.

Unit 4: Key Ideas and Details

  • 8R1 Cite textual evidence to strongly support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 8W2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

Unit 5: Key Ideas and Details

  • 8R1 Cite textual evidence to strongly support an analysis of what the text says explicitly/implicitly and make logical inferences.
  • 8W6 Conduct research to answer questions, including self-generated questions, drawing on multiple sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate. Generate additional related questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

Unit 6: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • 8R3 In literary texts, analyze how particular lines of dialogue or events propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.
    In informational texts, analyze how individuals, events, and
    ideas are introduced, relate to each other, and are developed.
  • 8W7 Gather relevant information from multiple sources; assess the
    credibility and accuracy of each source; quote or paraphrase the data
    and conclusions of others; avoid plagiarism and follow a standard
    format for citation.